Have you ever wondered about where the diamond in your ring came from or the journey that it went on to get there?
Diamonds formed under very high heat and pressure which compressed carbon into crystalline structures. When kimberlite pipes comes to the surface they can brings diamonds with them. Explorers test the ground for anomalies in magnetic fields which may indicate the presence of kimberlite.
Diamonds can also be mined from ‘alluvial deposits’ or sand, gravel and clay that has been transported by water erosion and deposited along either the banks of a river, the shoreline or on the ocean floor.
Finally, mining by individuals or communities in the most basic way – by hand – is a third method, known as artisanal mining.
Cutting and polishing
Many diamonds, even those that are considered conflict-free, are cut and polished in sweatshop conditions, often by children, for very low wages. India is the world’s largest centre for cutting and polishing of diamonds for the global market and in this city alone, there are 500,000 workers. India spends $10 per carat on the polishing and cutting of diamonds compared to China's $17, South Africa's $40 to $60 and $150 in Belgium. In 1997, the International Labour Organization published a report titled Child Labour in the Diamond Industry. It claimed that child labour is rife in the Indian diamond industry: close to 3% overall and 25% in Surat, India.
Manufacturing and retailing
Traceability & Ethical Diamonds
At Ingle & Rhode we source only ethically produced, traceable diamonds. Find out more about our ethical diamond sourcing.